source de la durance

This division allows surveying and mapping of the land at risk.[49]. From there the canal diverges to the west from the Durance to Le Puy-Sainte-Réparade. The predictable water levels have also allowed development of the local economy through summer tourism. La Durance est une rivière Ă  rĂŠgime torrentiel. It is 80 kilometres (50 mi) long with 17 kilometres (11 mi) underground. L'ensemble couvre trois ÂŤ territoires Âť distincts : les massifs alpins du sud, le piĂŠmont prĂŠ-alpin de haute-Provence et la plaine de basse-Provence. Vous pouvez consulter la dernière version de l’article ÂŤ Durance (rivière) Âť de WikipĂŠdia Ă  l’adresse http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durance (rivière) ou la modifier en cliquant ici. In the Middle Ages, the county of Forcalquier stretched all along the Durance, from Cavaillon to La Roche-de-Rame, close to Embrun. D'une longueur totale de 323,8 kilomètres, la Durance est la plus importante rivière de Provence. Catherine Lonchambon, “From one bank to another: the “trail ferry””, p.33. Les villes importantes traversées sont Briançon, Manosque, Cavaillon, Avignon. The valley widens still further into an alluvial plain several kilometres wide (5 kilometres (3.1 mi) near Manosque). [1] Its drainage basin is 14,472 km2 (5,588 sq mi).[2]. ([8]). Or, la Durance y joue un rĂ´le majeur, puisqu'elle y constitue Ă  la fois la principale ressource en eau et la principale voie de communication vers le nord-est. Direction of the environment, of sustainable development and agriculture. [15], Between 1832 and 1890, the Durance had 188 floods of more than 3 metres (10 ft) (measured at the Mirabeau Bridge). Montgenèvre fait partie des plus anciennes stations de ski de France. Ainsi, en plus de traiter les demandes de nos clients, les informations nous aident à améliorer le contenu de notre site, et à développer de nouveaux produits et services. sables, galets) de l’ensemble du Rhône, dont la Durance apportait 70%. The Durance is represented in the form of an ornate monument at the Palais Longchamp, in Marseille, built between 1862 and 1869 by the architect Espérandieu, to celebrate the arrival of water from the Durance, via the Canal de Marseille. Just before the narrow gap in the mountains at Sisteron, the Durance joins Buëch and the Sasse. La rivière Durance prend sa source au départ de Montgenèvre, à 2 300 mètres d'altitude, et continue sa traversée pendant plus de 300 kilomètres pour se jeter dans le Rhône. [1] The Durance itself is a tributary of the Rhône and flows into the Rhône near Avignon. In more recent times even suspension bridges often had to be re-built after floods. L'ensemble constitue un dĂŠbit jusqu'Ă  dix fois infĂŠrieur au dĂŠbit estival (d'ĂŠtiage) antĂŠrieur Ă  la mise en eau de Serre-Ponçon. Other goods were transported by the river, including salt, those these were subject to ten tolls along the 300 kilometres (190 mi) of the river.[43]. Mais ces aménagements et les prélèvements dans cette belle rivière ont des conséquences écologiques aggravées par le dérèglement climatique. The confluence with the Ubaye was flooded as the lake filled. 300.000 – 120.000 ans. [31] Avian diversity increased after the dams were built, but there was probably once a greater diversity. Vitesse Denivelé horaire Puissance. The 1852 floods affected the entire basin of the Durance, from Sisteron to its confluence in Avignon. (Dans le cas oĂš le nombre total de contributions est supĂŠrieur au nombre affichĂŠ sur la page d’historique du document, veuillez utiliser les liens de navigation pour obtenir la liste complète des auteurs. The flood of 1872 also swept away the 1847 bridge at Mallemort. At Serre-Ponçon, its basin of 3,600 square kilometres (1,400 sq mi) can create a flow as low as 18 cubic metres per second (640 cu ft/s) and a maximum flood of 1,700 cubic metres per second (60,000 cu ft/s) (value recorded in 1957).[11]. ), 3. [7], At Mirabeau, the lowest flow was 27 cubic metres per second (950 cu ft/s) (during the drought of 1921) i.e. France Montagnes est l'association regroupant les principaux acteurs du tourisme de montagne en France afin de promouvoir la destination et ses bienfaits à l'échelle nationale et internationale. the ancient bridge of Sisteron which was rebuilt in 1365. the best known writer to be inspired by the Durance. The bas-reliefs at Cabrières-d'Aigues depict the river being used for the transport of various liquid food products such as wine and olive oil. This descent stays relatively steep after this confluence, then shallows to approximately 0.33% in its middle course (to the Mirabeau bridge), then 0.24% in its lower course. The oldest known one was the one between La Roque-d'Anthéron and Cadenet (in Gontard), recorded in 1037. Point de vue n°2 : La Durance. The construction of the Marseille canal in the middle of the 19th century allowed the metropolitan area of Marseille to develop quickly. There are small canals whose primary purpose is to draw water from the river into the EDF Canal which in turn feeds the hydroelectric power stations. [41], This trade fed the activity of an important port, near to the crossroads at Sisteron, at the place called 'Le Bourguet'. Les diffĂŠrents ĂŠcosystèmes interdĂŠpendants qui correspondaient Ă  cette morphologie (en eau vive et en eau morte) cèdent aujourd'hui leur place Ă  des ripisylves. NĂŠanmoins, son cours constituait aussi une voie majeure reliant les Alpes Ă  la Basse-Provence : Ă  ce titre, la Voie Domitienne romaine suivait son lit jusqu'aux Alpes pour desservir la Narbonnaise. The contribution of water from the downstream tributaries is very low. The confluence with the Guil occurs below Guillestre and Mont-Dauphin. Après son passage dans d'ĂŠtroites gorges alpines sur son cours supĂŠrieur (en amont du lac de Serre-Ponçon), le bassin versant de la Durance, qui couvre au total près de la moitiĂŠ du territoire de la rĂŠgion Provence-Alpes-CĂ´te d'Azur, est caractĂŠrisĂŠ par une plaine fertile qui s'ouvre de part et d'autre du piĂŠmont de son cours moyen (jusqu'Ă  la cluse de Mirabeau) et s'ĂŠtale jusqu'au massif du Luberon au nord et jusqu'aux Alpilles au sud sur son cours infĂŠrieur. Cecile Miramont, "History of river landscapes", in Guy Barruol, Denis Furestier, Catherine Lonchambon. The valley of the Durance is a route through the Alps, used by the Via Domitia. In the vicinity of L'Escale a port existed before the Roman conquest, but was developed during the 1st century BC, and was prosperous until the Crisis of the 3rd Century, before recovering its economic activity until the beginning of the 5th century.[41]. Rivière dite « capricieuse », autrefo… At the confluence with the Rhône, the average natural flow of the Durance is approximately 190 cubic metres per second (6,700 cu ft/s), with a high annual variability. Vous avez la permission de copier, distribuer et/ou modifier ce document selon les termes de la Licence de documentation libre GNU, version 1.2 ou plus rĂŠcente publiĂŠe par la Free Software Foundation ; sans sections inaltĂŠrables, sans texte de première page de couverture et sans texte de dernière page de couverture. "Fiche cours d'eau - La Durance (X---0000)", "Ministry of theEcology and of sustainable development", Photos that are copyright free for teaching use (3 pages on the Durance), Mixed syndicate working on the valley of the Durance, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durance&oldid=979844221, Pages using citations with format and no URL, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Claude Gouron (photographer), Helene Vésian (author). Jean Giudicelli and Karine Viciana, "The Durance today", Direction of the environment, of sustainable development and agriculture. It washed away many cultivated alluvial terraces, broke dams and destroyed canals. One-hundred-ten species of animal hibernate there. La source se trouve à proximité de l'ancien Fort du Gondran, sur la commune de Montgenèvre , dans le département français des Hautes-Alpes, près de la frontière italienne. La Durance, de part ses fortes variabilités saisonnières, ses débits et l'intensité de ses débordements, fût jusque dans les années 1960 et la construction du barrage de Serre-Ponçon, une rivière périlleuse tant pour sa navigation que pour sa traversée. The Durance is better known than the other two rivers because the Durance valley is an old and important trade route, whereas the valleys of the Clarée and Guisane are effectively dead ends.[4][5]. [14], These increased in number and force from the second half of the 16th century, though lessened in the 20th century. Catherine Lonchambon, “From one bank to another: the “trail ferry””, Direction of the environment, of sustainable development and agriculture. In the 12th century the Durance had swept away the town of Rama (between Briançon and Embrun, with the confluence of Biaisse) . [16] The flood of 1843 carried away several newly built suspension bridges: the 1829 bridge at Remollon, the 1835 bridge at Mirabeau, the unfinished bridge at Manosque and the 1838 bridge at Les Mées. The Verdon flows into the Durance near Cadarache. Plus grand barrage d'Europe avec une hauteur de 120 mètres et une basse de 600 mètres d'ĂŠpaisseur, Serre-Ponçon utilise son propre poids pour rĂŠsister Ă  une partie de la pression. Twelve million years ago, the Durance flowed directly into the Mediterranean. The Durance is the second longest (after the Saône) of the tributaries of the Rhône and the third largest in terms of its flow (after the Saône and Isère). The river itself becomes steeply banked by terraces, and carves a channel, sometimes a few metres deep, sometimes tens of metres deep. In its middle and lower reaches the Durance is affected by the Mediterranean climate: flooding after autumnal rains, with low water levels in summer. A river is known as "capricious", alternating between its feared flash floods (it was called the third plague of Provence) and its low water levels. The irrigation syndicates and the local services that maintained the roads and bridges requested exceptional help from the State. Tout le plateau des Gondran est une gigantesque éponge, avec ça et là de profondes flaques, des pâturages tourbeux, d’anciens lacs. La Durance est une voie de communication importante et ancienne . Options . L'ouvrage le plus important issu de ces travaux est le barrage hydroĂŠlectrique de Serre-Ponçon (1961), dont la retenue homonyme constitue le plus grand lac artificiel d'Europe. Clébert & Rouyer, "La Durance", pp.180-183. Average monthly discharge (m 3 /s) at Saint-Paul-lès-Durance Course [ change | change source ] The Durance starts in the pré de Gondran (" meadow of Gondran"), on the east side of the Sommet des Anges mountain , in the commune of Montgenèvre (a ski resort near Briançon ), Hautes-Alpes department, at an elevation of about 2,325 m (7,628 ft). La Durance s'est fait une sp cialit d'imposer son nom un affluent plus important qu'elle.. Pr s de sa source au pied du Col de Montgen vre, elle r ussit le tour de force de dominer la Clar e dans laquelle elle 'se jette' en amont de la Vachette. Although it was difficult to cross, except in Sisteron, the Durance was nevertheless navigable. C'est l'arbre de vie de la Provence. Formation gĂŠologique, hydrologie et amĂŠnagement, 4. The valley narrows for a few kilometres until the water gap at Mirabeau, at a depth of 200 metres (660 ft),[10] then widens again into an even broader plain until the confluence with the Rhône south of Avignon. [34] The European brook lamprey has been seen in recent times but it may have disappeared since.[35]. There are approximately 75 species of mammals in the Durance catchment area, including: Eurasian beaver, southwestern water vole, Eurasian water shrew, many species of bat (barbastelle (Barbastella barbastellus, large murine (Myotis myotis), large rhinolophe (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum), minioptère of Schreibers (Miniopterus schreibersi), small murine (Myotis blythii), small rhinolophe (Rhinolophus hipposideros), vespertilion with indented ears (Myotis emarginatus), and vespertilion of Capaccini (Myotis capaccinii)). It drops 1,847 metres (6,060 ft) from its source to Mirabeau[9] and approximately 2,090 metres (6,860 ft) from its source to the confluence with the Rhône. Its total drainage area is 14,225 square kilometres (5,492 sq mi). La Durance fournit 75% de l'eau consommée en PACA. Sujet: Re: Source de la Durance Dim 5 Aoû 2012 - 18:49 Pas forcément moins ou plus ouvert, simplement compenser l'exposition (en -). Christophe Garrone, “the artificial wetlands basic Durance”, Direction of the environment, of sustainable development and agriculture. La Durance est physiquement un affluent de la Clarée dont le bassin versant a une plus grande superficie (190km2 contre 14km2 pour la Durance). Modèle:Cours d'eau There remain some black spots in the valley (downstream from the Arkema factory at Château-Arnoux, below the confluence with the Calavon.[31]. Durant la mĂŞme pĂŠriode, d'importants travaux d'endiguement furent d'abord motivĂŠs par la nĂŠcessitĂŠ de mettre un terme aux dĂŠgats provoquĂŠs par les crues rĂŠcurrentes de la rivière : ainsi, un proverbe d'Ancien RĂŠgime citait la Durance parmi les trois flĂŠaux de la Provence. At the outlet into the Lac de Serre-Ponçon, the medium flow is 81 cubic metres per second (2,900 cu ft/s);[7] at Oraison it is 123 cubic metres per second (4,300 cu ft/s)[7] and after the confluence with the Verdon, flow reaches 174 cubic metres per second (6,100 cu ft/s)[7] (250 to 330 m³/s in spring, 100 m³/s in the summer[13]). Ainsi, en plus de traiter les demandes de nos clients, les informations nous aident à améliorer le contenu de notre site, et à développer de nouveaux produits et services. [19] Even lesser floods were devastating. [11] At the confluence with Ubaye, salmon used to thrive, and trout were found up as far as Sisteron, before the development of the river. 02:00. In French cinema is the setting of the film L'Eau vive by François Villiers is during the construction of the dam at Serre-Ponçon. These are only ever swept away by exceptional floods; accumulations of tree trunks and branches. An FM local radio station is called Radio Durance. 75 espèces de mammifères sont connues, parmi lesquelles les castors et les musaraignes aquatiques ont ĂŠtĂŠ rejoints rĂŠcemment par le rat musquĂŠ, espèce allogène. Barrage de Serre-Ponçon et amĂŠnagements hydroĂŠlectriques, Les gorges de la Durance sur la ligne de chemin de fer Veynes-Briançon, Syndicat mixte d'amĂŠnagement de la vallĂŠe de la Durance, CommunautĂŠ de communes de la moyenne Durance, Identification des diffĂŠrents lits de la Durance par photo-interprĂŠtation, Laboratoire de GĂŠophysique et GĂŠodynamique, http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durance (rivière), WikipĂŠdia : l’encyclopĂŠdie libre et gratuite, AURORAE LIBRI : livres anciens, textes rares & illustrĂŠs modernes, VINTAGE-ERA : informatique vintage, retro gaming, jeux de rĂ´les et imprimĂŠs des annĂŠes 1970-2000, Bouches-du-RhĂ´ne : Peyrolles-en-Provence.

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