He was encouraged by an associate of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, and in 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied piano and composition. Born to a family of modest means and little cultural involvement, Debussy showed enough musical talent to be admitted … Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. クロード・アシル・ドビュッシー （ Claude Achille Debussy フランス語: [klod aʃil dəbysi], 1862年 8月22日 - 1918年 3月25日 ）は、 フランス の 作曲家 。. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. CLAUDE ACHILLE DEBUSSY (1862-), French composer, was born at St Germain-en-Laye on the 22nd of August 1862, and educated at the Paris Conservatoire under Marmontel, Lavignac, Massenet and Guiraud. In his seascape La Mer (1905) he was inspired by the ideas of the English painter J.M.W. The attention gained with Pelléas, paired with the success of Prélude in 1892, earned Debussy extensive recognition. 28% Off. 1884年 - 1916年. Claude Achille Debussy. Synonyms for Claude Debussy in Free Thesaurus. Most popular tracks now ► Please enter a search term Opens image gallery. 2 synonyms for Claude Achille Debussy: Claude Debussey, Debussy. Orchestral music . Wagner’s conception of Gesamtkunstwerk (“total art work”) encouraged artists to refine upon their emotional responses and to exteriorize their hidden dream states, often in a shadowy, incomplete form; hence the more tenuous nature of the work of Wagner’s French disciples. – Párizs, 1918. március 25.) Painter and sculptor Edgar Degas was a highly celebrated 19th-century French Impressionist whose work helped shape the fine art landscape for years to come. Debussy’s family was originally of modest peasant stock, settled in the Auxois district of Burgundy from at least the 17th century, and moving to the Paris region around 1800. He was almost overwhelmed by situations of great extremes, both material and emotional. Debussy was developing in this work ideas of an earlier period, those expressed in a youthful play he had written, Frères en art (Brothers in Art), where his challenging, indeed anarchical, ideas are discussed among musicians, painters, and poets. CLAUDE ACHILLE DEBUSSY (1862-), French composer, was born at St Germain-en-Laye on the 22nd of August 1862, and educated at the Paris Conservatoire under Marmontel, Lavignac, Massenet and Guiraud. It is clear that he was torn by influences from many directions; these stormy years, however, contributed to the sensitivity of his early style. Saint-Germain-en-Laye-ben született, apja porcelánkereskedő volt. We strive for accuracy and fairness. He had divorced Lily Texier in 1904 and subsequently married his daughter’s mother, Emma Bardac. The main musical influence in Debussy’s work was the work of Richard Wagner and the Russian composers Aleksandr Borodin and Modest Mussorgsky. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed in many respects the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist … Facebook. He studied for 11 years at the Paris Conservatory, receiving its Grand Prix de Rome  in 1884 for his cantata L'Enfant Prodigue. His harmonic innovations had a profound influence on subsequent generations of composers, and by creating new genres and revealing a range of timbre and color he … Debussy and his librettist, Maurice Maeterlinck, declared that they were haunted in this work by the terrifying nightmare tale of Edgar Allan Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher. With her and her children, Debussy traveled Europe and began accumulating musical and cultural experiences in Russia that he would soon turn toward his compositions, most notably gaining exposure to Russian composers who would greatly influence his work. Debussy was and continues to be one of the most subtly influential composers throughout the 20th century and beyond. EMU PRICE: 13.24 eMU. The title refers to a folk song that was the conventional accompaniment of scenes of the lovesick Pierrot in the French pantomime, and indeed the many Pierrot-like associations in Debussy’s later music, notably in the orchestral work Images (1912) and the Sonata for Cello and Piano (1915; originally titled Pierrot fâché avec la lune [“Pierrot Vexed by the Moon”]), show his connections with the circus spirit that also appeared in works by other composers, notably the ballet Petrushka (1911) by Igor Stravinsky and Pierrot Lunaire by Arnold Schoenberg. Debussy also used the brass in original colour transformations. Several other women, some of doubtful reputation, were also associated with him in his early years. After the turn of the century, Debussy established himself as the leading figure of French music. Even his young manhood and later life were so guarded and secluded that few outside his intimate circle knew much of the man, except as mirrored in his music. Melisande-Claude Achille Debussy. Omissions? Debussy showed a gift as a pianist by the age of nine. During World War I, while Paris was being bombed by the German air force, he succumbed to colon cancer at the age of 55. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In his work, as in his personal life, he was anxious to gather experience from every region that the imaginative mind could explore. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This early style is well illustrated in one of Debussy’s best-known compositions, Clair de lune. Debussy: Pelleas Et Melisande. Maurice Ravel was a 19th and early 20th century French composer of classical music. While in Rome, he studied the music of German composer Richard Wagner, specifically his opera Tristan und Isolde. This noble bass instrument takes on, in chameleon fashion, the character of a violin, a flute, and even a mandolin. Sonic Explorer and Visionary. (Composer) (Achille) Claude Debussy was a French composer. (He had in fact published in one of the anarchist journals poems that he had written and that he later set to music in the song cycle Proses lyriques .). Move over photo to zoom. In his later years, it is the pursuit of illusion that marks Debussy’s instrumental writing, especially the strange, other-worldly Cello Sonata. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! The short stories of writer Guy de Maupassant detail many aspects of French life in the 19th century. Repelled by the gossip and scandal arising from this situation, he sought refuge for a time at Eastbourne, on the south coast of England. Jeux de vagues X. On 25 March 1918, Achille-Claude Debussy (1862-1918) lost his battle with rectal cancer at his Paris home. Twitter. Rate this album 4.0 (1) Rate this album Edit your rating Claude Debussy Add to Wish List Share. For his daughter, nicknamed Chouchou, he wrote the piano suite Children’s Corner (1908). Have one to sell? Claude-Achille Debussy. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Austrian composer and conductor Gustav Mahler became popular in the late 19th century for his emotionally charged and subtly orchestrated symphonies. What are synonyms for Claude Debussy? In 1884, when he was just 22 years old, Debussy entered his cantata L'Enfant prodigue (The Prodigal Child) in the Prix de Rome, a competition for composers. Along with Maurice Ravel , he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music , though he himself intensely disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Claude Achille Debussy  (klôd äshēl´ dəbüsē´), 1862–1918, French composer, exponent of musical impressionism . Debussy returned to Paris in 1887 and attended the Paris World Exposition two years later. La Mer: » MIDI | 1. Once one of his mistresses, Gabrielle (“Gaby”) Dupont, threatened suicide. In Paris during this time he fell in love with a singer, Blanche Vasnier, the beautiful young wife of an architect; she inspired many of his early works. Original Publication: People Disc - HJ0239 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) Picture Information. Explorations, he maintained, were the essence of music; they were his musical bread and wine. Claude Debussy was a gifted pianist by age nine. Claude-Achille Debussy (22 August 1862 25 March 1918) was a French composer. Considered Poland's greatest composer, Frédéric Chopin focused his efforts on piano composition and was a strong influence on composers who followed him. Aged 55, Debussy was universally acknowledged as one of the most important musicians of his time. Embracing nontraditional scales and tonal structures, Claude Debussy is one of the most highly regarded composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is seen as the founder of musical impressionism. Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Achille-Claude Debussy  (French: [aʃil klod dəbysi];  22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. Most composers who were granted this state scholarship, however, found life in this magnificent Renaissance palace irksome and longed to return to simpler and more familiar surroundings. Debussy revised the famous composer Chopin's work for Durand. Biography, musicologyand essential works. https://www.biography.com/musician/claude-debussy. His single completed opera, Pelléas et Mélisande (first performed in 1902), demonstrates how the Wagnerian technique could be adapted to portray subjects like the dreamy nightmarish figures of this opera who were doomed to self-destruction. French composer Hector Berlioz followed the ideals of 19th century Romanticism in musical creations such as the Symphonie fantastique and La Damnation de Faust. Mouse over to Zoom-Click to enlarge. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed, in many respects, the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. - Biography of Claude Debussy, Classical Net - Biography of Achille-Claude Debussy, British Broadcasting Corporation - Biography of Claude Debussy, Claude Debussy - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed in many respects the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. Author of. Scarcely was this news given out when we learned on the twenty-seventh of last March of the composer's death-a death only too well foreseen, alas! Debussy's seminal opera, Pelléas et Mélisande, was completed in 1895 and was a sensation when first performed in 1902, though it deeply divided listeners (audience members and critics either loved it or hated it). MEMBER PRICE: $6.49. Claude Achille Debussy (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Franciaország, 1862. augusztus 22. Updates? In 1880, Nadezhda von Meck, who had previously supported Russian composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, hired Debussy to teach piano to her children. Debussy himself eventually fled from the Villa Medici after two years and returned to Blanche Vasnier in Paris. Biography . [ 3 ] Excerpt from the main theme of Claude Debussy's, Excerpt from “The Snow Is Dancing” from Claude Debussy's. ポータル クラシック音楽. Debussy is often written about as being an ‘impressionist’ composer – like the visual artists of the … クロード・アシル・ドビュッシー. Claude Achille Debussy (1862 - 1918), the French composer. The Masters of the Roll – Claude Achille Debussy. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated withImpressionist music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions. His first wife, Rosalie (“Lily”) Texier, a dressmaker, whom he married in 1899, did in fact shoot herself, though not fatally, and, as is sometimes the case with artists of passionate intensity, Debussy himself was haunted by thoughts of suicide. Harriet Brower's Account For Claude Achille Debussy It is difficult to learn anything of the boyhood and youth of this rare French composer.
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